Fertilizer

       Farmers can take vinasse from the factory into the tank and spray on their crops. The major macronutrients in the vinasse from the factory are
- Nitrogen (N)        about  2.0  kg/m3
- Phosphorous (P)  about  0.2  kg/m3
- Potassium (K)      about  0.4  kg/m3

Examples of field crops that farmers use water from a doctoral Vena State Development.

1. Sugarcane. 2. Sesame black
3. Groundnut 4. Corn
5. Sorghum. 6. Rice.

Farmers' satisfaction

The use of vinasse in sugarcane farm

          Mr. Wongduan Kunperm: He felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because there were more shoots, the leaves looked good and steady growth.

Mr. Suwan Chamnanaraksa: He felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because they had polished leaves and looked good growing.
 Mr. Sudjai Singprasert: He felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because leaves' color looked more green and had shoots faster than the farm that did not use vinasse. There were more shoots than last year and sugarcane stem borers were decreased.
Mr. Paitoon Taoiam: He felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because of good growth and steady stems. Their leaves were bigger and more green than the farm that did not use vinasse.

The use of vinasse in sesame farm.

          Mrs. Mian Modnam: She felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because there were more pods, the shafts were longer and could reduce the use of insecticides.

Sesame farm

Used urea fertilizer 46-0-0 Used vinasse

Quantity used

50 kg/rai 9.4 m3/rai

Estimate pods

30 pods/stem 65 pods/stem

Estimate stem lenght

50 cm 112 cm

Estimate production
(1 bucket = 12 kg)

8 buckets/rai 9.6 buckets/rai

The use of vinasse in peanut farm.

          Mr. Chamnan and Mr. Sawek Yamklin: They felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not used vinasse because the growth was faster than the farm that did not use vinasse. The farm that used vinasse and filter cake had better bud, bigger stems and more pods than used only vinasse.

Maize farm

Used fertilizer Used fertilizer
and vinasse




Quantity used




chemical fertilizer
16-20-0
20 kg/rai 1 time

chemical fertilizer
46-0-0
25 kg/rai 1 time
used chemical fertilizer normally

add vinasse
21.8 m3
/rai


Growth


not steady steady, fast grew,
had big stems and
green leaves

Estimate production
(1 bucket = 15 kg)

65 buckets/rai 97 buckets/rai

The use of vinasse in sorghum farm.

          Mr. Paitoon Taoiam: He felt satisfy and saw the difference when did not use vinasse because in 2008, it was not worthwhile to harvest because of less seed set but after used vinasse, there was more seed set, the stems were strong and good growing.

Rice farm

Used fertilizer Used fertilizer
and vinasse




Quantity used




chemical fertilizer
15-7-18
26.7 kg/rai 2 times

chemical fertilizer
46-0-0
13.3 kg/rai 2 times
chemical fertilizer
15-7-18
13.3 kg/rai 1 time

chemical fertilizer
46-0-0
6.7 kg/rai 1 time

vinasse
12 m3/rai

Estimate ears

7 - 10 ears 14 - 15 ears

Estimate stem length

63.5 cm 130 cm

Estimate production

50 buckets/rai 73 buckets/rai
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